Digital Tapestry

Carsten Rother, Sanjiv Kumar, Vladimir Kolmogorov and Andrew Blake.

In IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June 2005.


This paper addresses the novel problem of automatically synthesizing an output image from a large collection of different input images. The synthesized image, called a digital tapestry, can be viewed as a visual summary or a virtual 'thumbnail' of all the images in the input collection. The problem of creating the tapestry is cast as a multi-class labeling problem such that each region in the tapestry is constructed from input image blocks that are salient and such that neighboring blocks satisfy spatial compatibility. This is formulated using a Markov Random Field and optimized via the graph cut based expansion move algorithm. The standard expansion move algorithm can only handle energies with metric terms, while our energy contains non-metric (soft and hard) constraints. Therefore we propose two novel contributions. First, we extend the expansion move algorithm for energy functions with non-metric hard constraints. Secondly, we modify it for functions with ``almost'' metric soft terms, and show that it gives good results in practice. The proposed framework was tested on several consumer photograph collections, and the results are presented.


[.pdf] [results]